Dispute settlement or dispute settlement system dss is regarded by the world trade organization wto as the central pillar of the multilateral trading system and as the organizations unique contribution to the stability of the global economy. Bown c p and j pauwelyn 2010 the law economics and politics of retaliation in wto dispute settlement cambridge university press shadikhodjaev s 2009 retaliation in the wto dispute settlement system kluwer law international. The concept of retaliation in the wto dispute settlement system appendix 2 state of play in wto retaliation practice 1 january 1995 1 august 2008 appendix 3 draft articles on responsibility of states for internationally wrongful acts adopted by the ilc at its fifty third session 2001 appendix 4 general agreement on tariffs and trade . Under the current wto dispute settlement system compliance with global trade rules is left to the discretion and implementation of the offending country the adequacy of such reforms can be evaluated by a separate dispute settlement panel which itself is permitted to formulate specific though nonbinding rectification suggestions. Trade and investment disputes the role of economists under wto law the purpose of the retaliation stage appears instead to be to induce compliance rather than to re balance the level of benefits between the complaining member and the responding member eg malacrida 2010 wto 2017 a handbook on the wto dispute settlement system
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